Magazine books – NY Is Book Country http://nyisbookcountry.com/ Thu, 29 Sep 2022 16:35:25 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://nyisbookcountry.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/cropped-icon-32x32.png Magazine books – NY Is Book Country http://nyisbookcountry.com/ 32 32 BMG reserves location in Berlin until 2024 https://nyisbookcountry.com/bmg-reserves-location-in-berlin-until-2024/ Thu, 29 Sep 2022 13:14:19 +0000 https://nyisbookcountry.com/bmg-reserves-location-in-berlin-until-2024/

Berlin-headquartered music company BMG has booked the German capital’s 1,600-seat Theater des Westens (TdW) nightly until the end of 2024 to house its growing event business in direct.

The acclaimed record label and music publisher entered the live business in 2020 with the acquisition of a majority stake in event promotion/production company Undercover.

BMG’s shows at TdW will include a series of national and international artist residencies, as well as BMG’s growing roster of musicals.

“The Theater des Westens is arguably the largest theater in the German capital,” says Hartwig Masuch, CEO of BMG. “As a Berlin-born company and the only German-owned and operated global player in the music industry, we are proud to make this investment in the musical life of our hometown.”

“We see a particular opportunity for established artists who want to put on a high-end show in a beautiful venue rather than embark on a regular tour”

The TdW is operated by Dutch live entertainment company Stage Entertainment, while the building is owned by the city of Berlin.

“We are committed to making Theater des Westens the premier entertainment venue in Berlin,” said Dominique Casimir, BMG’s Chief Content Officer. “To take such a long lease on a venue is a first for a music company. We are starting with two great shows – Ku’damm 56 and now ROmeo & Julia – but there’s a lot more to come.

“Bringing high-end artist residencies to Berlin is a first in Germany. We see a particular opportunity for established artists who want to put on a high-end show in a beautiful venue rather than embark on a regular tour.


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20 Best Fall Nonfiction Books To Read In 2022 https://nyisbookcountry.com/20-best-fall-nonfiction-books-to-read-in-2022/ Tue, 27 Sep 2022 18:45:16 +0000 https://nyisbookcountry.com/20-best-fall-nonfiction-books-to-read-in-2022/

Oprah Daily

Fall is perhaps our busiest season for books, with publishers delivering a slew of eye-catching titles across all genres. As the days get shorter and a chill creeps into the air, Oprah Daily curates this fall’s best nonfiction, a whirlwind tour from Pakistani kitchens to Mexican deserts to Hollywood red carpets.

No awards cycle would be complete without celebrity film memoirs. Oscar winner Paul Newman (1925-2008) worked for years on a deeply in-depth narrative, compiling transcripts with his family, friends and foes, now united in a portrait of the actor as a flawed man . Jemele Hill was fired from her job at ESPN when she called President Trump a ‘white supremacist’; the Atlantic journalist and commentator sets the record straight. American history is a daunting work in progress, guiding us toward a more perfect union; new books by Kerri K. Greenidge and Stacy Schiff flip the scripts on our nation’s most cherished myths and characters. With the approach of the mid-term elections, current affairs animate much of our discourse; scholars and activists such as Dahlia Lithwick and Brandi Collins-Dexter expand and enhance our understanding of burning issues, such as the imperiled future of abortion rights and the crucial role of grassroots activists. Our Covid pandemic has also revealed the myriad ways our world has changed, seemingly overnight; two of our most eminent science writers, David Quammen and Siddhartha Mukherjee, add their voices to the urgent debates still raging around the world as we all grapple with a protean microbe and the shameful inequities that plague medicine.

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Lady Justiceby Dahlia Lithwick

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black skinheadby Brandi Collins-Dexter

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Breathlessby David Quammen

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Lonelyby Javier Zamora

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By hands now knownby Margaret A. Burnham

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cell songby Siddhartha Mukherjee

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The Grimkesby Kerri K. Greenidge

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Ted Kennedyby John A. Farrell

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Climbby Jemele Hill

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Martha Grahamby Neil Baldwin

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strangers to ourselvesby Rachel Aviv

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Paul Newmanby Paul Newman

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The Revolutionaryby Stacy Schiff

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The storm is hereby Luke Mogelson

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Come back in Septemberby Darryl Pinckney

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The mosquito bowlby Buzz Bissinger

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And there was lightby Jon Meacham

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Flavorby Fatima Ali with Tarajia Morrell

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Like a rolling stoneby Jann S. Wenner

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What the Great Books Teach Us About People Fleeing Persecution https://nyisbookcountry.com/what-the-great-books-teach-us-about-people-fleeing-persecution/ Sun, 25 Sep 2022 19:26:07 +0000 https://nyisbookcountry.com/what-the-great-books-teach-us-about-people-fleeing-persecution/

Robert Barsky is a Guggenheim Scholar and Professor at Vanderbilt University. His multidisciplinary research combines social justice, human rights, border and refugee studies with literary and artistic insights into the plight of vulnerable migrants.

Below, Robert shares 5 key insights from his new book, Claiming Legal Protection: What the Great Books Teach Us About People Fleeing Persecution. Listen to the audio version – read by Robert himself – in the Next Big Idea app.

1. Even those who resent undocumented migration most negatively may have exceptions.

Usually these are people they know well, like their roofer or the people who take care of their lawn or babysit. If we get to know someone who falls into a category we have negative feelings about, like the undocumented category, we may be willing to make an exception for them.

Similarly, we already know Dracula. We already know Dante and Alice in Wonderland. What if we imagine that they live lives that resemble those of contemporary refugees? If we sympathize with a character like Alice, we say, “Wow! What an incredible adventure,” then think, “It’s not unlike an adventure an undocumented migrant or refugee might face. Maybe these refugees are not just here to steal our country’s great resources. Maybe they’re no different from those characters I love.

2. We have a special feeling in our hearts for canonical literary characters.

We love Alice. We admire Dracula. Well, maybe “admiring” is a heavy word for someone like Dracula, but we certainly think of him as some kind of gentleman with some terribly odd habits. And if we considered him as someone particularly fascinating? When placed in a coffin and floated across the channel to England, it is a migrant, migrating from France to England, but it actually does in the soil of Transylvania. He can only travel when sleeping on his own ground. What does it say? What does that mean? If you imagine him migrating, there is something fascinating there.

“He can only travel when he sleeps on his own soil. What does it say?”

Let’s also think of Milton’s lost paradise. At the beginning of the story, Satan is a friend of God, but he is expelled from paradise after a war caused by his uprising against the rule of God. Heaven is kind of a perfect place, so we can think that he left a perfect place and now he has to find his way to a very imperfect place known as Hell. Is this going to make us think differently about people who come to our country, whatever our country is? They wake up in a whole new setting, look around and say, “Oh my God, this is unfamiliar. It’s a place without my language, without my culture, without my friends. Is it really that different from someone who was, say, driven out of Ukraine by Russian soldiers?

3. The canon has an ongoing and ongoing role in our world.

Of course, we are inundated by TikTok and Facebook and Instagram. Yes, people are more likely to see snippets of stories in YouTube videos than to delve into hundreds of rhyming verses in Virgil’s writings. And yet these texts, I think, keep their value and their importance. They maintain a sort of awakened credibility in our imaginations. Don’t we all remember when we read the standard works? Of course, canonical works may include Peter Pan, Hansel and Greteland much more recent texts, such as Beloved by Toni Morrison. These texts keep their importance because they are a known currency.

Even if we haven’t read all of Dante – let’s say we’ve only read Hellor we have only heard Hell— we know that this Dante the Pilgrim descends into hell, where he encounters punished characters. And maybe we never read the Odyssey, but we know this ancient Greek story of this heroic warrior who returns home after seven years of battle at Troy. And from there, maybe we have some degree of sympathy. Maybe we are interested. We reflect on what it means to leave a war-torn area to return home. Well, it’s often the story of a contemporary refugee. So maybe we learn something, even if we haven’t read the book itself, about contemporary refugees.

4. The idea that “we are all migrants” has not really changed the landscape of political thought.

We always hear this sentence: “We are all migrants, so we should be sympathetic towards migrants”. Well, that doesn’t seem to go very far. It also doesn’t go very far to hear that one story from that person that you’ve never heard of in a discussion about someone fleeing, say, Yemen. It takes so much commitment, so much effort to know this person.

“[Canonical works] keep a kind of credibility awake in our imaginations.

When in fact we already know many migrants. In fact, we might know these fictional characters better than we know ourselves. We not only know their challenges and the obstacles they face when traveling from place to place, we also know what they are thinking.

Imagine Frankenstein’s Monster, for example, from the work of Mary Shelley which is considered the best-selling novel in the history of the world (or certainly among them). We know the incredible challenges the monster faces due to its creation, due to its well-known and well-described ugliness, having been stitched together by Dr. Frankenstein from many different body parts. But he is also a refugee; he flees after committing a murder. He flees Geneva and goes up to the Alps in France. There, he himself is a refugee, but he also takes care of a family of refugees. And he has to do it in secret because he looks so terrifying that he’ll scare the people he’s trying to help.

5. Many of the authors who write about the challenges faced by vulnerable migrants, such as refugees or undocumented migrants, are refugees themselves.

Take, for example, Lord Byron. Lord Byron fled England because of his early habits, as he was convicted for his homosexuality. So he runs away. Crossing Europe, he writes Childe Harold’s Pilgrimagethen he writes the great masterpiece Don Juan. And Don Juan is a lot like Byron, fleeing because of his precocity, because of his blind disregard for authority. Lord Byron travels as he describes his traveler, and his traveler continues to get into trouble for not respecting local customs. (And because he’s extraordinarily handsome, people can’t seem to resist him, which, of course, gets him into more trouble.)

“How do you get into the minds of people who suffer from the pain of displacement? Maybe it’s going back to the big books.

In 1816 Lord Byron met Percy Shelley, then Mary Shelley in the summer of the same year. Percy and Mary had fled England because they couldn’t stand the customs, morals and laws. And 1816 was an interesting year; it was abnormally cold in Europe due to a massive eruption the previous year near Java. Dust was thrown into the atmosphere, bringing temperatures down as far as Europe. So it wasn’t just a migration story as we think of it Frankenstein Where Don Juan. It is also the story of authors who are themselves migrants. Mary Shelley, Percy Shelley and Lord Byron were traveling through Europe during an exceptionally cold summer. In other words, climate change has caused them to move.

How can we better understand the crises we hear about today in Afghanistan, Yemen and Ukraine? How do you get into the minds of people who suffer from the pain of displacement? Perhaps it’s by returning to the great books, which are filled with characters who, while not always lovable – as in the case of, say, Dracula – are nonetheless endearing and dear to us. Perhaps thinking about these great characters will make us think differently about the real people who have been displaced by violence, suffering, want, need or even wanderlust, and who are now among us.

To listen to the audio version read by author Robert Barsky, download the Next Big Idea app today:

Hear key information in the next big idea app

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Top 5 children’s books on fashion accessories, chosen by Anthony Moss https://nyisbookcountry.com/top-5-childrens-books-on-fashion-accessories-chosen-by-anthony-moss/ Sat, 24 Sep 2022 06:07:33 +0000 https://nyisbookcountry.com/top-5-childrens-books-on-fashion-accessories-chosen-by-anthony-moss/

Grandma wears it tight under her chin. Auntie pins hers with a beautiful brooch. Jenna puts it under a sun hat. Zara wears hers to match her outfit. A young girl observes how very different women in her life customize their hijab and dreams of the rich possibilities of her own future.

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4. These Maribeth Boelts shoes

It’s the touching story of a boy who wants the latest shoes but whose grandmother can’t afford them. His school gives him a pair of not-so-cool shoes that his classmates tease him about.

5. Clara Button and the Day of the Magic Hat by Amy de la Haye and Emily Sutton

A visual history of walking sticks and canes by Anthony Moss is available now (Rowman & Littlefield, £58)

After her naughty brother Ollie destroys his favorite hat, can Clara find a new one she loves just as much? Clara’s quest takes her to London boutiques, including Harvey Nichols and Fortnum & Mason, and is full of imaginative millinery designs.

You can buy A visual history of walking sticks and canes of The big problem shop on Bookshop.org, which helps support The Big Issue and independent bookstores.

This article is from The Big Issue magazine, which exists to give homeless, long-term unemployed and marginalized people the opportunity to earn an income.

To support our work, buy a copy! If you cannot reach your local provider, you can always click HERE to subscribe to The Big Issue today or give a gift subscription to a friend or family member. You can also purchase single issues from The big problem shop or The Big Issue app, available now on the App store Where google play.

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Forbidden Books Week: September 18 to 24, 2022 https://nyisbookcountry.com/forbidden-books-week-september-18-to-24-2022/ Thu, 22 Sep 2022 19:36:43 +0000 https://nyisbookcountry.com/forbidden-books-week-september-18-to-24-2022/

Ppublishers send me children’s books as well as middle and YA books to review. If you read TulsaKids, you know that in the nearly 30 years that I’ve been an editor, I’ve had a librarian from Tulsa City and County Library write the Books column. In fact, it was one of the first decisions I made regarding the content of the magazine. I appreciate TCCL’s contributions over the years and hope we continue to have a wonderful relationship.

But back to the books that publishers send me.

Not long ago I received a lovely picture book about a girl whose parents take her to a parade every year. The book is a wonderful and heartwarming description of the excitement of a child watching a parade, being with their parents, and having a great day with the family. The parents are two moms and they all go to the annual Gay Pride Parade. With all the alarms about children being “cared for” by teachers and librarians, I’m sure some parents would insist that this book be removed from library shelves, along with “Me and My Two Dads.”

This year the American Library Association (ALA) has seen an unprecedented number of complaints about books, especially those with minority characters. The ALA website says:

The American Library Association (ALA) champions and defends the freedom to read as promised by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

In recent months, a national campaign has surfaced demanding the censorship of books and resources that reflect the lives of gay, queer or transgender people, or tell the stories of Black, Indigenous or people of color. Efforts to ban the books have allowed elected and unelected alike to abandon constitutional principles, ignore the rule of law, and disregard individual rights, leading local and state governments trying to censor library collections. Some people who have filed challenges have used intimidation and threats to secure expulsion, targeting the safety and livelihoods of library workers, educators and board members who have dedicated themselves public service and the education of young people.

The American Library Association (ALA) kicks off National Library Week with the publication of its State of America’s Libraries Reporthighlighting the challenges America’s libraries faced in the second year of the pandemic — as well as how they innovated to meet the needs of their communities.

Library staff in every state have faced an unprecedented number of attempted book bans. ALA’s Office for Intellectual Freedom tracked 729 challenges to materials and services from libraries, schools, and universities in 2021, resulting in more than 1,597 challenges or removals of individual books. Most of the targeted books were by or about black or LGBTQIA+ people.

You can find a list of the 10 most disputed books of 2021 here: ala.org/news/sites/ala.org.news/files/content/2022-OIF-top-10-challenged-large.jpg

Many of them are LBGTQ+ books.

It does seem that there is a group of people who would like to tell me and others what we can and cannot read about minorities and how they are portrayed in books.

The theme of Banned Books Week is “Censorship Divides Us. Books unite us. It has been said by many people, many times, that books are both a mirror and a window. Books can provide a mirror for everyone. If we can see ourselves in a book, we can feel less alone. What a powerful thing. How would those kids with two moms or two dads feel if their families were erased from the school library? And single mothers? Single dads? Parents with disabilities? Families come in all shapes and sizes, so who’s to say which ones should be made invisible? All people should be able to find a book that reflects them.

And how many times have you used a book to help your child understand anything, from what friendship means to the names of body parts? This is the window part of the books. We use them to help us understand all kinds of things – different cultures, religions, races, and so on. Discussing literature can help us understand what it means to be human, it can uplift us, it can unite us.

Rather than letting unfounded fear take over, why not use books to find out more about what you are afraid of. (Remember the hubbub about “Harry Potter” being a wizard? I don’t know many kids who were swayed into a life of wizardry by reading these books. More likely, they learned a lot about anti -heroes and the power of good versus evil). Read with your children and discuss what you read. It’s always been one of my favorite activities – and I still do it with my adult children.

Learn more about Banned Books Week on ALA website. Participate in certain events.

Livestream, 09/22: “Censorship of LGBTQ+ comics”

Today you can watch a live event on the Banned Books Week Facebook Page at 4 p.m. CST. The talk is “The Censorship of LGBTQ+ Comics with Maia Kobabe and Mike Curato,” moderated by Greg Rokisky and Jordan Smith. Kobabe and Curato will talk about attempts to censor their work and LGBTQ+ stories.

There are many other virtual events that can help you better understand the importance of intellectual freedom. It is fundamental to our democracy. Who knows? If you were a book ban supporter, you can watch some of these virtual events and webinars on forbiddenbooksweek.org and change your mind.


Eb Forbidden Books 2022 Pin

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14 famous books that were published posthumously https://nyisbookcountry.com/14-famous-books-that-were-published-posthumously/ Tue, 20 Sep 2022 12:00:00 +0000 https://nyisbookcountry.com/14-famous-books-that-were-published-posthumously/

Virtually all artists dream of making an impact with their work, and writers are no different, but in some cases authors don’t live to see their works become classics. Here are 14 famous books that were published after their authors died.

Arguably the most famous book to be published posthumously, A girl’s diary is a collection of diary entries written by Anne Frank. The teenager – who received the blank book that would become her diary for her 13th birthday – told what life was like after her family, with a group of other Jews, moved to an annex settled in his father Otto’s Amsterdam-based business in 1942 to hide from the Nazis.

Frank had been writing in his diary since almost two years when she heard Dutch politician Gerrit Bolkestein on the radio asking Dutch citizens to keep records such as war diaries so the world could understand what they had been through. Anne, inspired, decides that she will publish her diary after the war and started revising it; she planned to call her book Het Achterhuis (“The Secret Annex”).

On August 4, 1944, three days after Anne wrote their last journal entry, the residents of the Annex were apprehended. Later, Anne’s writings were discovered by her father’s secretary, Miep Gies (who had helped people hiding in the annex), and she gave the writings to Otto, the only surviving member of the Frank family, when he returned to Amsterdam after being released from Auschwitz. Otto supervised the publication her daughter’s diaries, which were first published in 1947, two years after Anne died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany.

John Kennedy Toole wrote the first draft of A confederation of dunces in 1963 in just a few months, then passed the next two years edit it before becoming mentally ill and abandoning the project. Three years after Toole died by suicide in 1969, his mother Thelma found a copy of the manuscript and made it her mission to get it published. She didn’t have success until, like Tom Bissell written for the new yorker“she cornered novelist Walker Percy…and demanded he read it.”

Percy was initially reluctant, but after reading the book (he would later write, “surely it couldn’t have been that good”), he agreed to help. Even then, however, it took years to find a publisher. A confederation of dunces was finally released in 1980, 11 years after Toole’s death, and in 1981 it won the Pulitzer Prize.

Jane Austen - portrait of the English novelist as a young woman.

Jane Austen. / Culture Club/GettyImages

Completed in 1799, Northanger Abbey has been the first of Austen’s works be accepted by a publisher (in 1803, under the name Susanna), but he was not released until a few months after his death in 1817 at the age of 41. Persuasionthe last novel Austen completed, was published in the same volume.

At the time of her death, Austen was working on a book that would eventually be titled sandit, what was originally published in 1925 as Fragment of a novel. Since then, a number of authors have added to the 120 pages of sandit that Austen left behind –including Austen’s own nieceAnna Austen Lefroy.

The first draft of Mikhail Bulgakov The Master and Margarita finished in flames: He began to write in 1928but burned the manuscript two years later “when he saw himself as having no future as a writer in the Soviet Union”, according to A Reference Guide to Russian Literaturedue to Stalin’s policy of censorship and oppression. But by 1931 he had started over and written several drafts before he died in 1940. It would take more than two decades before The Master and Margarita seen the light of day.

The novel was originally published in two parts heavily censored in the Russian magazine Moscow in 1966 and 1967; that same year a copy of a manuscript was smuggled out of the county and first published in book form in France. At the end of the day, The Master and Margarita has been published several times, although it it was only in 1973-33 years after the death of Bulgakov-that a completely uncensored version was published in Russia. Now considered a classic of Soviet literature, The Master and Margarita has been referenced in songs by artists like the rolling stones and pearl jam and adapted into films, TV shows, plays, ballets, and graphic novels.

AuthorAlex Haley

AuthorAlex Haley. / Peter Jones/GettyImages

Author Alex Haley, who served in the U.S. Coast Guard for 20 years, began his writing career writing love letters on behalf of the other seamen of his ship. He publishes his first book, The Autobiography of Malcolm X– a collaboration as we say with the famous activist – in 1965, and Roots: The Saga of an American Familywhich combined elements of his mother’s family history with fiction, in 1976. The novel became a bestseller, won the Pulitzer Prizeand was adapted into a much-loved miniseries in 1977.

After publishing a short story in 1988, Haley decided to write a story based on her father’s ancestry. The result was Queen— who, as Roots, combined history and fiction to tell the story of Alex Haley’s paternal grandmother, the biracial daughter of a slave woman and her slaver.

Haley died before the book was finished, leaving behind this The New York Times called “a 700-page draft” for the novel. At Haley’s request, it was completed by Australian writer David Stevens and published in 1993, a year after Haley’s death. Also as Roots, Queen was adapted into a popular miniseries, starring future Oscar-winning actress Halle Berry in one of her early roles.

Michelle McNamara became interested in true crime at a young age: When the future author was just 14, a woman was murdered near her home in Oak Park, Illinois, and the case was never solved. As an adult, McNamara started the blog true crime diary to draw attention to unsolved murders. The case that fascinated her the most was that of a series of burglaries, rapes and murders committed by the same man (although this fact was not definitively established until 2001) in California from 1974 to 1986.” and the “Original Night Stalker”, among other names, McNamara called him the “Golden State Killer” hoping that a better moniker would make the case stand out more.

A article on the case for The magazine led to a book deal; McNamara was writing this book, I’ll be gone in the darkwhen she passed away in 2016. (It was completed by her husband, Patton Oswalt, and two collaborators, Billy Jensen and Paul Haynes.) The book was released in February 2018; two months later, a suspect in the case, Joseph DeAngelo, was arrested after DNA evidence linked him to the crimes. In 2020, as part of a plea deal, DeAngelo to plead guilty to 13 counts of murder. He also had to admit guilt in the crimes for which he had not been charged. DeAngelo was sentenced to multiple consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole.

Although she is one of the most famous poets of the 20th century, Sylvia Plath published only one book of poems (1960s The Colossus and Other Poems) in addition to his only novel, The glass bell. Despite this, Plath was an extremely prolific writer who left behind volumes of unpublished works when she committed suicide in 1963 at the age of 30.

Arielleedited by her ex-husband Ted Hughes, was the first of his works be published after his death; it features some of his most famous poems, including “Lady Lazarus”, “Tulips”, and “Daddy”, and remains one of his most enduring works. A restored edition which incorporated poems that Hughes had excised and restored Plath’s original arrangement was published in 2004.

Swedish journalist Stieg Larsson started writing his planned series of 10 books in 2002 and waited until he had first two books written (and the partially written third, which he completed later) before submitting them to the editors. He died of a heart attack in 2004 before any of them were released.

The first book in the series, title Man som hatar kvinnor (men who hate women) in Swedish, was published the year after Larsson’s death. It has been translated into English and published under the title The girl with the dragon tattoo three years later. The series has become a real phenomenon all over the world: it has sold more than 80 million copies and has been adapted into several films.

The Millennium series has continued after the original Larsson books: journalist David Lagercrantz wrote the fourth, fifth, and sixth books in the series, and author Karin Smirnoff was tapped to write additional books.

Ralph Ellison

Ralph Ellison. /Keystone/GettyImages

Ralph Ellison began work on June 19 just a few years after his first novel, The invisible Manwas published in 1952 – but despite publishing eight excerpts from the manuscript, reading portions at conferences, and decades of work, June 19 was not published during Ellison’s lifetime.

The author said he was plagued by writer’s block “as big as the Ritz and as stubborn as a grease stain on a gabardine suit”, and in 1967, “a good chunk of the novel” – Ellison would later claim it was about 360 pages. , then 500—was burned in a fire at his home in Plainfield, Massachusetts. (Ellison’s biographer, Arnold Rampersand, however, cast doubt on this claim; he writing that Ellison hadn’t done much work on June 19 during the summer of the fire, and just after the fire, he wrote to a friend that he “luckily had a full copy” of what he had previously written.)

Despite these setbacks, Ellison left behind over 2,000 pages of material when he died in 1994 at 80 years old. But the novel was not finally published until 1999, after being edited by John F. Callahan in a more digestible version. 354pages. A more complete version called Three days before shooting…, which had 1101 pages, was released in 2010.

After completing his studies, Franz Kafka worked as an insurance agent until he got too sick to work because of tuberculosis, to which he succumbed in 1924 at the age of 40. In his free time he wrote a lot. During his lifetime, Kafka published a number of short stories – he even published a book about them, titled Betrachtung, in 1913 – as well as the new Metamorphosis (1915) and In the penal colony (1919). But none of his novels were published during his lifetime.

Kafka left his estate to his friend, the author Max Brod, whom he asked to destroy his work. Instead, Brod published most of what Kafka had left behind, including three novels…The trial (1925)The castle (1926), and America (1927) – all of which are now considered classics.